Caralluma is a succulent cactus from India. It grows wild but is often used as a border plant in gardens as a shrub. It can also be seen in Africa, Saudi Arabia, Canary Islands, Afghanistan, and Southern Europe.
Caralluma fimbriata is a genus of the dogbane family consisting of about 120 species. The generic name is derived from the Arabic word qahr al-luhum, meaning “wound in the flesh” or “abscess,” referring to the odour of the flowers. Most of the species are highly valued by traditional communities for their medicinal properties.
Modern science is also interested in this plant and results of clinical studies have demonstrated that Caralluma may reduce hunger levels, and reduce weight & fat levels. Supporting research has also concluded that Caralumal possesses anti-obesogenic and anti-atherosclerotic properties.
Traditionally, Indian tribes chewed chunks of caralluma to keep hunger at bay during a long day hunting or working in the countryside. It is also used to quench thirst and to increase endurance.
In foods in India, caralluma is cooked as a vegetable and is used in preserves such as chutneys and pickles. It is also eaten raw.
pregnane glycosides, flavonoid glycoside, flavones, magastigmane glycosides, pregnane steroids, steroidal glycosides, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, aromatic and nonaromatic volatile compounds, and β-sitosterol